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News Title Press Release On Global Tiger Day 29th July 2019
Coinciding with the Global Tiger Day, the Hon’ble Prime Minister on July 29, declared results of the
4th cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation to the nation, proudly announcing India’s tiger numbers at 2967 at
his 7 Lok Kalyan Marg residence, at a gathering comprising officials from the National Tiger Conservation
Authority, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Wildlife Insitute of India, Field Directors of
Tiger Reserves and Chief Wildlife Wardens of Tiger Range States.
The 33% rise in tiger numbers is the highest ever recorded between cycles which stood at 21%
between 2006 to 2010 and 30% between 2010 and 2014. The rise in tiger numbers was in conformity with
the average annual growth rate of tigers since, 2006. Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers at
526, closely followed by Karnataka at 524 with Uttarakhand at number 3 with 442 tigers. It was a moment of
pride for the country as it achieved its commitment to the St.Petersburg Declaration, much in advance to the
2022 deadline.
Chhatisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in their tiger numbers while tigers numbers in Odisha
remained constant. All other States witnessed a positive trend. Viewed at the landscape level, all 5
landscapes showed an increase with the Central Indian landscape recording the highest increment.
India has been estimating its tigers using a double sampling approach involving a mark-recapture
framework to ascertain tiger numbers, which is being improved over time keeping in view advancements
made in science.
During the 4th cycle, in sync with Government of India’s “Digital India” initiative, data was collected
using an Android based application- M-STrIPES ( Monitoring system for Tigers’ Intensive Protection and
Ecological Status) and analysed on the applications’ desktop module. The, application greatly eased out
analysis of a large quantum of data that was collected over nearly 15 months involving survey of 381,400 of forested habitats, 522,996 km of walk by State Forest officials, laying of 317,958 habitat plots,
totaling a human investment of 5,93,882 man days. Besides cameras were placed in 26760 locations which
gave a total of 35 million images of wildlife including 76523 images of tigers. Segregation of these images
was possible in a short time because of use of artificial intelligence software.
The intensity with which the exercise was conducted resulted in 83 % of the tiger population being
captured wherein 2461 individual tiger photographs were obtained and only 17 % of the tiger population was
estimated using robust spatially explicit capture recapture statistical models.
The Prime Minister also released report of the 4th cycle of the Management Effectiveness Evaluation
of Tiger Reserves (MEETR) with Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh scoring the highest and
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu showing the highest increment in management since the last
cycle for which the latter was awarded. 42% of the tiger reserves fell in the Very Good management
category, 34% in the Good category, 24% in the Fair category while no tiger reserve was rated Poor.
Projecting tiger reserve as engines of growth was highlighted in the report released on Economic
Valuation of Tiger Reserves which was jointly published by the NTCA and the Indian Institute of Forest
Management Bhopal. The Prime Minister also released trailer of the documentary titled “Counting Tigers” to
be aired worldwide on August 7.
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