in the District of Sonitpur, the Nameri is the third
of Assam. The Pakhui (Pakke) Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh adjoins
the Park on its North-Eastern point. The area is criss-crossed
by the river Jia- Bhoroli and its tributaries namely the Diji,
Dinai, Doigurung, Nameri, Dikorai, Kharietc. A few jheels (during
the rainy seasons) also dot the area. The Jia – Bhoroli river and
the tributaries display devilish look when the incessant downpour
the upper reaches during the rainy season make it
in-accessibility and continuity with neibouring forest areas has
helped the wildlife of Nameri to flourish. There is a
good prey –base in the form of –Sambar,Barking deer, Hog
Deer, Wild Boar and gauri. About 3000 domestic cattle also
form part of this prey base
for Tiger and Leopards.
inaccessibility and continuity with the neibouring forest areas have
helped the wildlife of Nameri to flourish. There is a good prey base
in the form of Sambar, Barking deer, Hog Deer, Wild Boar and Gaur.
About 3000 domestic cattle also form part of this prey base for
Tiger and Leopards.
and the adjoining forest areas, declared reserved for a considerable
also qualify to be an Elephant Reserve. The Elephant population
estimated in 1997 was 225.
Nameri and Sonai-Rupai
are only Protected Areas in the North Bank of the Brahmaputra in the
Civil District of Sonitpur, Lakhimpur and Dhemaji.
declared on 17-10-1878
Nameri Sanctuary (137 sq. km.) on 18-09-1985
Provisional Notification of National Park (212 sq.km.
) on 27.02.97
Final Notification of National Park (200 sq. km.)
on 09.09.1998 in Assam Gazette.
Area of the Tiger
Area- (Nameri National Park) = 200 sq. km
Part of Naduar Reserve
Forests Tezpur Sub Division
upto Ghiladhari River = 80 sq.
Buffer Area – Part of Balipara Reserve Forests Area in
Jia-Bhoroli River and Rangapara – Bhalukpung
Railway line = 64 sq.m
Total Area = 344 sq. Km.
Forest Types and
Assam Valley Tropical Evergreen Forests – IR/C 2b Mesua Sub
Assam Alluvial Plains semi Evergreen
Forests- 2B/C I. A.
Phoebe- Anoora association
Sub Himalayan light Alluvial Semi-
Evergreen Forests 2B/I.S.I
Mekahi Sub Type.
Eastern Alluvial Secondary Semi Evergreen
Cane Brakes- 2B/E.I.
Wet Bamboo Brakes 2B/K.2.
Northern Secondary Moist Mixed, Deciduous
Forests – 3C/ 2.S.I.
Low Alluvial savanna Wood Land- 3/ I.S.I.
Eastern Hollock Forests –3/I.S.2b.
4.D/SSI Eastern Seasonal Swamp Forests.
Eastern Dillenia Swamp Forests- 4D / SS
Dillenia Altingia Association.
Eastern wet Alluvial Grass
land- 4.D / 2.5.2.
Habitat- Flora Fauna
The habitat of Nameri
is made up of tropical evergreen, Semi-evergreen, moist deciduous
forests with cane and bamboo brakes and narrow strips of open
grassland along rivers. Grassland comprise of less than 10% of
the total area of the park while the semi-evergreen and moist
deciduous species dominate the area. Some notable species are
Gamari, Titachopa, Amari, Bogipoma, Ajar, Urium poma, Bhelou,
Rudraksha, Bonjolokia, Hatipolia akhakan, ahollock, Nahor, Siya
Nahar, Simul, Bonsum etc. Orchoids include Dendrobium, Cymbidium,
Ladies Sleeper etc. Tree Fern,Lianas, creepers are some of
specialties of this forests.
prized and most significant finding is the White Winged Wood Duck
which has a flourishing population in Nameri confirmed officially in
1995. Till now 315 avian species have been recorded in the
Few notable among them are:-
|(Mammals) More than 30 species :
Tiger, Leopard, Black Panther,
Clouded Leopard, Lesse Cats, Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear,
Elephant, Indian Bison, Dhole, Sambar, Barking Deer, Dog Deer,
Fox, Hispid Hare, Indian Hare, Capped Langur, Slow Loris,
Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Himalayan yellow Throated
Martin, Malayan giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Wild Pig etc.
(Bird)315 Sps. :
White winged wood duck, Great Pied Hornbill, Wreathed
Hornbill, Rufous Necked Hornbill, Black Stork, Ibis Bill,
Large Whistling Teal, Common Mergernser, King Vulture, Long
Billed Ring Plover, Khallej Pheasant, Hill Myna , Pin tailed
green Pigeon, Himalayan pied Kingfisher, Three Toed
kingfisher, Fairly Blue Bird Etc.
King cobra, cobra, Pit Viper, Russels Viper, Banded Krait,
Python, Rat Snake, Assam Roof Turtle, Malayan Box Turtle,
Keeled Box turtle, Asian Leaf Turtle, Narrow Headed soft
Shelled Turtle, Indian soft Shelled Turtle.
Golden Mahseer, Shaort gilled Mahseer, Silghoria.
of tiger as per latest count (2002 count):
There are as many as 25 Reserved
Forests in these three districts where departmental logging is
allowed. Habital shrinkag due to encroachment has put immense
pressure on tiger population to move and seeka safer place. Hence
there are local reports that the tiger concentration in Nameri
has increased in the past few years. As a result o tiger
population, Nameri is in need of a better conservation and
The number of revenue villages in the core area: Nil
of revenue villages in the core area:
by the villages:
1000 nos. of
Taungya villagers. They are occupying 10 sq. km of periphery
of Nameri National Park. It is under the Process of shifting
them outside the National Park.
3000 nos they are under the
process of rehabilitation.