Project Tiger Scheme has been under implementation since
1973 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Government of
The main objective of Project Tiger is to ensure a viable
population of tiger in India for scientific , economic
, aesthetic , cultural and ecological values and to
preserve for all time, areas of biological importance
as a natural heritage for the benefit, education and
enjoyment of the people. Main objectives under the scheme
include wildlife management, protection measures and
site specific ecodevelopment to reduce the dependency
of local communities on tiger reserve resources.
the Project started with 9 tiger reserves, covering
an area of 16,339 sq.km., with a population of 268 tigers.
At present there are 27 tiger reserves covering an area
of 37761 sq.km., with a population of 1498 tigers. This
amounts to almost 1.14% of the total geographical area
of the country. The selection of reserves was guided
by representation of ecotypical wilderness areas across
the biogeographic range of tiger distribution in the
country. Project Tiger is undisputedly a custodian of
major gene pool. It is also a repository of some of
the most valuable ecosystem and habitats for wildlife.
Reserves are constituted on a 'core-buffer' strategy.
The core area is kept free of biotic disturbances and
forestry operations, where collection of minor forest
produce, grazing, human disturbances are not allowed
within. However, the buffer zone is managed as a ‘multiple
use area’ with twin objectives of providing habitat
supplement to the spill over population of wild animals
from the core conservation unit, and to provide site
specific ecodevelopmental inputs to surrounding villages
for relieving their impact on the core. Except for the
National Parks portion if contained within, normally
no relocation of villages is visualised in the buffer
area, and forestry operations, NTFP collection and other
rights and concessions to the local people are permitted
in a regulated manner to complement the initiatives
in the core unit.
Project Tiger has put the tiger on an assured course
of recovery from the brink of extinction, and has resurrected
the floral and faunal genetic diversity in some of our
unique and endangered wilderness ecosystem. The population
of tigers in the country has increased significantly
to about 4000 from less than 2000 at the time of launch
of the project.
The effective protection and concerted conservation
measures inside the reserves have brought about considerable
intangible achievements also, viz. arresting erosion,
enrichment of water regime thereby improving the water
table and overall habitat resurrection. Labour intensive
activities in tiger reserves have helped in poverty
alleviation amongst the most backward sections, and
their dependence on forests has also reduced. The project
has been instrumental in mustering local support for
conservation programme in general.
has not been any major problem in release of the budget
outlay in the last three years under the scheme. However,
actual utilisation of funds has been affected due to
delay in release of funds by the State Government to
the field units. This matter has been discussed in the
Steering Committee of the Project Tiger meeting held
on 8.5.2000. On the part of this Ministry , it has been
decided to release the first instalment of Central assistance
without waiting for the submission of UCs. However the
second instalment is released only after obtaining UCs.
Elimination of all forms of human exploitation and
disturbance from the core and rationalisation of
such activities in the buffer.
of the habitat management to repair damage done
facts about habitat and wild animals and carefully
monitoring changes in flora and fauna.
In order to monitor the expenditure it is proposed to
request the State Government to furnish, its allocation
along with the quarterly financial and physical targets
of Annual Plan of operations.
PLAN ACHIEVEMENT OF PROJECT TIGER DIVISION
During the VIII plan period the budget outlay for
Project Tiger Scheme was Rs. 40.00 Crores. During
the IX plan the budget outlay was substantially
increased to rs. 75.00 Crores.
the IX Plan, Project Allowance to an extant of Rs.
3.95 Crores to field level
staff was funded under this scheme for the first
this Plan period funds to an extant of Rs. 2.49
Crores has been released for creation of Strike
Force to combat the growing insurgency and extremist
situations within the Tiger Reserves.
the Plan period four new Tiger Reserves were declared,
effective protection and concerted conservation
measures inside the reserves have brought about
considerable intangible achievements also viz. arresting
erosion, enrichment of water regime and thereby
improving the water table and overall habitat resurrection.
Labour intensive activities in tiger reserves have
helped in poverty alleviation of the most backward
sections and their dependence on forests has also
reduced. The project has been instrumental in mustering
local support for conservation programme in general.
the X Plan, it is envisaged to carry out on the
Project with further impetus on people’s support
for conservation of nature and natural resources.
Pradesh / Assam