ON CONSERVATION OF THE TIGER BETWEEN
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA
THE GOVERNMENT OF PEOPLES' REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Government of the Republic of India and the Government
of the Peoples' Republic of China (hereinafter referred
to as "the Parties").,
to consolidate and further promote the friendly and
cooperative relations between the people of the two
Parties to the Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora: and
Endeavouring to enhance the cooperation on the protection
of tiger and making joint efforts to halt the trend
of decimation of tiger population to ensure the survival
and sustainable development of the species;
agreed on the following:
Parties shall take measures jointly to crack down on
the illegal activities of poaching of tiger, smuggling
and selling tiger, tiger bones and other parts of tiger
as well as its derivatives.
Parties shall launch a national and worldwide educational
programme to stop the illegal activities of poaching,
smuggling and selling tiger, tiger bones and other parts
of tigers as well as its derivatives.
Parties shall establish bilateral research and training
programme and exchange between the two parties appropriate
technologies and research data for scientific wildlife
management, especially the management of the tiger and
on an experimental basis, captive breeding activities
with a view to release of the species into the wild.
Parties shall provide reports to each other on measures
taken to stop the current trade in the parts and derivatives
Parties shall review and assess periodically the impact
of the measures taken for the protection of the species.
Protocol shall enter into force upon signature by both
Parties and shall remain in force for a period of five
years and shall be automatically renewed for a subsequent
period of five years at a time unless either Party gives
to the other a written notice six months in advance
of its intention to terminate the Protocol before the
date of its expiry.
present Protocol may be modified or amended by mutual
at Beijing on this 2nd day of March, 1995 in two originals
each in the Hindi, Chinese and English languages, all
the texts being equally authentic. In case of any doubt,
the English text will prevail.
For the Government
The People's Republic of China
For the Government
The Republic of India
RESOLUTION OF THE FIRST TRANSBOUNDARY
CONSULTATIVE MEETING ON BIODIVERSITY
CONSERVATION BETWEEN NEPAL AND INDIA
3-5 Jan.97 AT KATHMANDU
pursuance of the joint statement made by the representatives
of Nepal and India at the 9th Conference of the parties
to CITES at Fort Lauderdale, USA in November, 1994,
the representatives from the Ministry of Environment
& Forests, Government of India (in the Department
of Forests and Wildlife) and His Majesty's Government
of Nepal, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (Department
of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation) met at
Kathmandu from 3rd to 5th January, 1997 for the 1st
transboundary consultative meeting on biodiversity conservation
and resolved the following:
of the existence of illegal trade of timber, wild flora
and fauna including their parts and products.
the importance of transborder protected area network
for comprehensive ecosystem protection.
various steps taken by both India and Nepal with respect
to extension of protected area network and control of
illegal trade in flora and fauna in their respective
that there are still some gaps in the methods and systems
to address the transborder illegal trade of wild flora
and fauna and their products.
the necessity of a comprehensive transborder protected
area network and installation of suitable mechanism
for effective control of illegal trade in timber, wild
flora and fauna and their products.
parties from the Ministry of Environment & Forests,
Government of India (in the Department of Forests and
Wildlife) and HMG of Nepal, in the Ministry of Forest
and Soil Conservation (Department of National Parks
and Wildlife Conservation) agreed by consensus to :
Request all countries to promote a worldwide campaign
for conservation of species and ecosystem for long
term human welfare.
Urge the International communities to abandon the
use of illegally obtained timber, wild flora and fauna
and their products.
Request the support of governments of other countries,
inter governmental bodies, international organisations/
communities and agencies to boost up the programmes
of ecosystem conservation and control of illegal trade
in timber, wild flora and fauna and their products.
meeting further resolved the following for promoting
bilateral cooperation between India and Nepal on the
issue of transboundary protected area system and control
of illegal trade in timber, flora and fauna and their
their respective national legislations to address
the requirement of CITES.
Encourage establishment of transboundary protected
areas complementary to each other, wherever possible.
Maintain appropriate database system and share information
relevant for biodiversity conservation.
Establish complementary anti-poaching mechanism and
units for prevention of crimes related to forest and
wild flora and fauna and prevent illegal trade and
encroachment on forest land.
Study and monitor the trade routes and species in
trade including seasons of trade.
Monitor the transboundary movement of wild animals
and establish locally a system of early exchange of
Promote mutual cooperation in the sphere of research,
training and visit programmes.
Undertake public awareness programmes at national,
regional and local levels to involve people in conservation
through mass media and local interactions.
Establish in-country mechanism to involve all relevant
departments and agencies linked with and interested
in control of illegal trade in wild flora and fauna.
And in pursuance of these:
- Hold regular meetings of this consultative committee
to review the progress made and improve the future
actions based on experience gained.
Head of Delegates
India Head of Delegates, Nepal
establishment of the Global Tiger Forum was a major
recommendation of the Delhi Declaration adopted at the
International Symposium on the Tiger held at New Delhi
from 22-24 February 1993. An outline of the mandate
for the Global Tiger Forum is reproduced below.
being custodian of more than 60% of the world's tiger
population will take a leading role in coordinating
the setting up of Global Tiger Forum and the Voluntary
Participative Fund for protection of the tiger.
that the tiger, throughout its range in India, Nepal,
China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Mynamar, Thailand, Malaysia,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Russia is threatened and
in some places is becoming critically endangered.
principal cause of the decline of the population is
organised poaching for skins, bones and other tiger
derivatives. This seriously undermines the dedicated
efforts of range countries to preserve their population.
The survival of the tiger now is a matter of international
Government of India, therefore, proposes the setting
up of a Global Tiger Forum of range countries and other
international organizations working for tiger conservation
to embark on a world-wide campaign to save the tiger.
as the initiating country offers itself as the first
chair of such a Forum. The chair may be rotated amongst
the member countries.
meetings of the Forum are to be held at regular intervals
(not exceeding 12 months).
the problems facing the tiger in the world and work
out effective strategies and solutions for future
implementation for the survival of the species.
multi-pronged research efforts across tiger range
countries to generate a proper database accessible
to all range states.
the countries to develop and exchange among themselves
appropriate technologies and training programmes for
scientific wildlife management.
on an international publicity campaign against the
use of tiger bones and skins either for medicinal
derivatives or fashion throughout the world.
an effective intelligence system to obtain information
about poaching, poacher and their network leading
to capture and conviction of key persons involved
throughout the globe.
is required to set up a participative fund of an appropriate
size from donors to be placed at the disposal of the
Forum to meet its expenses and fund its commitments
towards its objectives.
is proposed that the first meeting of the member countries
and institutions be held in New Delhi in the month of
November-December 1993 to discuss in addition to the
above mentioned points the articles of association,
rules of business and setting up of a Secretariat.