of the Scheme and its objective
Project aims at conserving bio-diversity through eco-development. The major
components of the project are as under:
Improved Protected Area management to assist in the improvement of Protected Area planning processes and building
capacity, protecting and managing ecosystem and habitats with in Protected
Areas, and to upgrade Protected Area amenities for field staff.
Village eco-development to reduce negative interaction of local people on biodiversity and increased collaboration
by local people in conversation by participatory micro-planning and provision
of implementation support, implementing reciprocal commitments from villagers
that foster alternative livelihoods and resource uses to be financed by a
village eco development program and specify measurable actions by local people
to improve conversation.
Education, awareness, impact monitoring and support for conversation through environmental education and awareness
campaigns, and impact monitoring and research to understand issues and
solutions relevant to Protected Area management.
Overall Project Management.
scheme is being implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme of the
Ministry of Environment & Forests (Project Tiger Office) through the state
Wildlife Wings of the Projects states. All funds to the Protected Areas flow
through the State Governments. The Chief Wildlife Wardens / Fields Directors
incur the expenditure and therefore submit reimbursement claims to the office
of the Controller of Aid, Accounts and Audit, Ministry of Finance, Department
of Economic Affairs, New Delhi in the manner and in the forms prescribed by the
World Bank to the extent permissible under the agreement signed with IDA and
GEF. In respect of the National Level Activities, expenditure is incurred by
the Project Tiger Office and is claimed from the World Bank in the same manner
as prescribed for the states. The project is being executed through Annual Plan
of operations (APOs) that are prepared by the Project States for each
management program. The log-frame matrix that lists activities in chronological
order on priority basis provides the basis for Annual Plan of Operation, which
are adjusted to available man power and funds. The annual Plan of operations
prepared by the Project States are sent to the Government of India and to the
World Bank for approval. Based on the cost of Annual Plan of Operations, the
World Bank prepares cost tables for the respective State and of the total
project. The revised costs are reconciled by Government of India for the
preparation of necessary budget and release of funds to the Project States.
progress of implementation of the project by Project States is reviewed
periodically by the Review Missions of the World Bank which visits selected
sites each time. Normally two such Missions are sent by the World Bank in a
year. The progress is simultaneously watched by the Project Tiger Office
through the visits of the IGF & Director, Project Tiger and the Addl.
Director, India Eco development Project. As mandated in the Project, national
level consultants have also been appointed to carry out an intensive review of
project performance by the various States by actual visits to the sites. They
submit half-yearly progress report containing their findings on each site. The
report is discussed in the Steering Committee of the India Eco-development
Project chaired by the Secretary (E&F).
Eco-development Project is being implemented with the basic objective of
improving the capacity of Protected Areas (PAs) to conserve Bio-diversity, and
increase opportunities for local participation in management activities and
decision, thereby to reduce the negative impact of local people on Protected
Areas and vice-versa. The India Eco-development Project has covered seven
Protected Areas falling in seven different States. So far 572 micro plans
have been prepared have been prepared, which take into account 75,600 households
for getting the benefits of eco-development to elicit support for conservation.
achievements of the Project include: capacity up gradation of all Protected
Areas under the project, community-oriented works undertaken for rural
employment generation in many villages having Eco-development Committees,
introduction of fuel saving devices which have reduced wood consumption from
Protected Areas. Further, site specific awareness and education strategy have
been developed and implemented, apart from both short and long term studies
including research projects in various disciplines of eco-development. The
total expenditure under the project up to 2002-03 is Rs. 162.89 crores, against
a release of Rs. 192.75 crores, with the Central Assistance (includes SAR, GEF
& GOI share) amounting to Rs. 200.97 crores.